Level Shifters

: 633 Products Found
Filter Layout:
0 Filter(s) Selected
633 Products Found Please click the 'Apply Filters' button to update results
Min/Max Availability

When the Remember checkbox is selected we will save your latest filter preferences for future searches

Compliance
Min/Max Manufacturer
Min/Max No. of Inputs
Min/Max Output Current
Min/Max Propagation Delay
Min/Max No. of Pins
Min/Max Logic Case Style
Min/Max Supply Voltage Min
Min/Max Supply Voltage Max
Min/Max Operating Temperature Min
Min/Max Operating Temperature Max
Min/Max Logic Type
Min/Max Product Range
Min/Max Automotive Qualification Standard
Packaging

Contract pricing display is unavailable at the moment. Prices shown are standard retail prices, orders placed will have contract pricing applied when processed.

 
Compare Selected Compare (0)
  Manufacturer Part No Order Code Description / Manufacturer
Availability Price For
Price (ex VAT) (inc VAT)
Quantity
No. of Inputs Output Current Propagation Delay No. of Pins Logic Case Style Supply Voltage Min Supply Voltage Max Operating Temperature Min Operating Temperature Max Logic Type Product Range Automotive Qualification Standard
 
 
Sort Acending Sort Decending Sort Acending Sort Decending Sort Acending Sort Decending Sort Acending Sort Decending Sort Acending Sort Decending Sort Acending Sort Decending Sort Acending Sort Decending Sort Acending Sort Decending Sort Acending Sort Decending Sort Acending Sort Decending Sort Acending Sort Decending Sort Acending Sort Decending
PTN3366BSMP
PTN3366BSMP - Level Shifter, 8 Inputs, 200ns, 3V to 3.6V, HVQFN-32

2890122

Level Shifter, 8 Inputs, 200ns, 3V to 3.6V, HVQFN-32

NXP

You previously purchased this product. View in Order History

Each (Supplied on Cut Tape)

Cut Tape
Packaging Options
Suggested replacement for:2890122
2890122RL in Re-reel

1+ CNY9.63 CNY10.88 10+ CNY8.16 CNY9.22 50+ CNY7.22 CNY8.16 100+ CNY6.27 CNY7.09 250+ CNY5.91 CNY6.68 500+ CNY5.54 CNY6.26 1000+ CNY4.38 CNY4.95 2500+ CNY4.33 CNY4.89 More Pricing...

Restricted Item

Minimum order of 1 items Multiples of 1 only Please enter a valid quantity

Add
Min: 1 Mult: 1
8Inputs - 200ns 32Pins HVQFN 3V 3.6V -40°C 105°C Level Shifter Multicomp Pro RJ45 Adapter -
PTN3366BSMP
PTN3366BSMP - Level Shifter, 8 Inputs, 200ns, 3V to 3.6V, HVQFN-32

2890122RL

Level Shifter, 8 Inputs, 200ns, 3V to 3.6V, HVQFN-32

NXP

You previously purchased this product. View in Order History

Each (Supplied on Cut Tape)

Re-reel
Packaging Options
Suggested replacement for:2890122RL
2890122 in Cut Tape

100+ CNY6.27 CNY7.09 250+ CNY5.91 CNY6.68 500+ CNY5.54 CNY6.26 1000+ CNY4.38 CNY4.95 2500+ CNY4.33 CNY4.89

Restricted Item

Minimum order of 100 items Multiples of 1 only Please enter a valid quantity

Add
Min: 100 Mult: 1
8Inputs - 200ns 32Pins HVQFN 3V 3.6V -40°C 105°C Level Shifter Multicomp Pro RJ45 Adapter -
TXS0104EPWR
TXS0104EPWR - Voltage Level Translator, 4 Input, 50 mA, 4.6 ns, 1.65 V to 5.5 V, TSSOP-14

3120987

Voltage Level Translator, 4 Input, 50 mA, 4.6 ns, 1.65 V to 5.5 V, TSSOP-14

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS

You previously purchased this product. View in Order History

Each (Supplied on Cut Tape)

Cut Tape

1+ CNY7.73 CNY8.73 10+ CNY6.74 CNY7.62 100+ CNY5.20 CNY5.88 500+ CNY4.59 CNY5.19 1000+ CNY3.83 CNY4.33

Restricted Item

Minimum order of 1 items Multiples of 1 only Please enter a valid quantity

Add
Min: 1 Mult: 1
- - 4.6ns - - 1.65V 5.5V -40°C 85°C - Multicomp Pro RJ45 Adapter -
FXLP34P5X
FXLP34P5X - Voltage Level Translator, 1 Input, 2.6 mA, 12 ns, 1 V to 3.6 V, SC-70-5

1652415

Voltage Level Translator, 1 Input, 2.6 mA, 12 ns, 1 V to 3.6 V, SC-70-5

ONSEMI

You previously purchased this product. View in Order History

Each (Supplied on Cut Tape)

Cut Tape
Packaging Options
Suggested replacement for:1652415
1652415RL in Re-reel

5+ CNY4.59 CNY5.19 10+ CNY3.66 CNY4.14 100+ CNY2.15 CNY2.43 500+ CNY2.06 CNY2.33 3000+ CNY1.97 CNY2.23 9000+ CNY1.88 CNY2.12 24000+ CNY1.78 CNY2.01 45000+ CNY1.70 CNY1.92 More Pricing...

Restricted Item

Minimum order of 5 items Multiples of 5 only Please enter a valid quantity

Add
Min: 5 Mult: 5
- - - - - 1V - - - - - -
PCA9548ABS,118
PCA9548ABS,118 - Translating Switch, Bidirectional, 8 Inputs, 2.3V to 5.5V Supply, 25mA Out, 0.3ns Delay, HVQFN-24

2775980

Translating Switch, Bidirectional, 8 Inputs, 2.3V to 5.5V Supply, 25mA Out, 0.3ns Delay, HVQFN-24

NXP

You previously purchased this product. View in Order History

Each (Supplied on Cut Tape)

Cut Tape
Packaging Options
Suggested replacement for:2775980
2775980RL in Re-reel

1+ CNY14.93 CNY16.87 10+ CNY12.94 CNY14.62 50+ CNY12.13 CNY13.71 100+ CNY11.33 CNY12.80 250+ CNY10.89 CNY12.31 500+ CNY9.71 CNY10.97 1000+ CNY9.23 CNY10.43 2500+ CNY8.74 CNY9.88 More Pricing...

Restricted Item

Minimum order of 1 items Multiples of 1 only Please enter a valid quantity

Add
Min: 1 Mult: 1
8Inputs 25mA 0.3ns 24Pins HVQFN 2.3V 5.5V -40°C 85°C Bidirectional Translating Switch Multicomp Pro RJ45 Adapter -
NVT4858HKZ
NVT4858HKZ - Level Translator, 4 Input, 1.08 V to 1.98 V, xQFN-16

3912110

Level Translator, 4 Input, 1.08 V to 1.98 V, xQFN-16

NXP

You previously purchased this product. View in Order History

Each (Supplied on Cut Tape)

Cut Tape

1+ CNY8.83 CNY9.98 10+ CNY7.50 CNY8.48 100+ CNY5.75 CNY6.50 500+ CNY5.07 CNY5.73 1000+ CNY3.86 CNY4.36 2500+ CNY3.71 CNY4.19 5000+ CNY3.55 CNY4.01 More Pricing...

Restricted Item

Minimum order of 1 items Multiples of 1 only Please enter a valid quantity

Add
Min: 1 Mult: 1
4Inputs - - 16Pins XQFN 1.08V 1.98V -40°C 85°C Level Translator TUK SGACK902S Keystone Coupler -
NVT4858HKZ
NVT4858HKZ - Level Translator, 4 Input, 1.08 V to 1.98 V, xQFN-16

3912110RL

Level Translator, 4 Input, 1.08 V to 1.98 V, xQFN-16

NXP

You previously purchased this product. View in Order History

Each (Supplied on Cut Tape)

Cut Tape

100+ CNY5.75 CNY6.50 500+ CNY5.07 CNY5.73 1000+ CNY3.86 CNY4.36 2500+ CNY3.71 CNY4.19 5000+ CNY3.55 CNY4.01

Restricted Item

Minimum order of 100 items Multiples of 1 only Please enter a valid quantity

Add
Min: 100 Mult: 1
4Inputs - - 16Pins XQFN 1.08V 1.98V -40°C 85°C Level Translator TUK SGACK902S Keystone Coupler -
NLSV4T244DTR2G.
NLSV4T244DTR2G. - LEVEL TRANSLATOR, 4BIT, TSSOP-14

2809848

LEVEL TRANSLATOR, 4BIT, TSSOP-14

ONSEMI

You previously purchased this product. View in Order History

Each (Supplied on Cut Tape)

Cut Tape

1+ CNY11.95 CNY13.50 10+ CNY9.55 CNY10.79 100+ CNY8.23 CNY9.30

Restricted Item

Minimum order of 1 items Multiples of 1 only Please enter a valid quantity

Add
Min: 1 Mult: 1
4Inputs - 1.6ns 14Pins TSSOP 900mV 4.5V -40°C 105°C Level Translator Multicomp Pro RJ45 Adapter -
NXB0102DC-Q100H
NXB0102DC-Q100H - Translating Transceiver, 2 Inputs, 1.65 V to 5.5 V Supply, VSSOP-8, -40 °C to 125 °C

3585601

Translating Transceiver, 2 Inputs, 1.65 V to 5.5 V Supply, VSSOP-8, -40 °C to 125 °C

NEXPERIA

You previously purchased this product. View in Order History

Each (Supplied on Cut Tape)

1+ CNY6.92 CNY7.82 10+ CNY4.67 CNY5.28 100+ CNY4.12 CNY4.66 500+ CNY3.81 CNY4.31 1000+ CNY3.13 CNY3.54 2500+ CNY2.19 CNY2.47 5000+ CNY1.96 CNY2.21 More Pricing...

Restricted Item

Minimum order of 1 items Multiples of 1 only Please enter a valid quantity

Add
Min: 1 Mult: 1
2Inputs 50mA 7.5ns 8Pins - 1.65V 5.5V -40°C 125°C - - -
MAX3000EEUP+
MAX3000EEUP+ - Voltage Level Translator, 8 Input, 1 µs, 1.65 V to 5.5 V, TSSOP-20

2516413

Voltage Level Translator, 8 Input, 1 µs, 1.65 V to 5.5 V, TSSOP-20

ANALOG DEVICES

You previously purchased this product. View in Order History

Each

1+ CNY49.26 CNY55.66 10+ CNY44.51 CNY50.30 74+ CNY36.87 CNY41.66 148+ CNY36.04 CNY40.73 296+ CNY35.21 CNY39.79 518+ CNY32.10 CNY36.27 1036+ CNY27.95 CNY31.58 More Pricing...

Restricted Item

Minimum order of 1 items Multiples of 1 only Please enter a valid quantity

Add
Min: 1 Mult: 1
- - 1µs - - - - -40°C 85°C - - -
MAX3378EEUD+T
MAX3378EEUD+T - Low-Voltage Level Translator, 4 Input, 210 ns, 1.65 V to 5.5 V, TSSOP-14

2516431

Low-Voltage Level Translator, 4 Input, 210 ns, 1.65 V to 5.5 V, TSSOP-14

ANALOG DEVICES

You previously purchased this product. View in Order History

Each (Supplied on Cut Tape)

Cut Tape
Packaging Options
Suggested replacement for:2516431
2516431RL in Re-reel

1+ CNY42.74 CNY48.30 10+ CNY36.30 CNY41.02 25+ CNY33.88 CNY38.28 100+ CNY31.46 CNY35.55 250+ CNY29.82 CNY33.70 500+ CNY26.78 CNY30.26 1000+ CNY22.55 CNY25.48 2500+ CNY21.47 CNY24.26 More Pricing...

Restricted Item

Minimum order of 1 items Multiples of 1 only Please enter a valid quantity

Add
Min: 1 Mult: 1
4Inputs - 210ns 14Pins - 1.65V 5.5V -40°C 85°C - - -
MAX3378EEUD+T
MAX3378EEUD+T - Low-Voltage Level Translator, 4 Input, 210 ns, 1.65 V to 5.5 V, TSSOP-14

2516431RL

Low-Voltage Level Translator, 4 Input, 210 ns, 1.65 V to 5.5 V, TSSOP-14

ANALOG DEVICES

You previously purchased this product. View in Order History

Each (Supplied on Cut Tape)

Re-reel
Packaging Options
Suggested replacement for:2516431RL
2516431 in Cut Tape

100+ CNY31.46 CNY35.55 250+ CNY29.82 CNY33.70 500+ CNY26.78 CNY30.26 1000+ CNY22.55 CNY25.48 2500+ CNY21.47 CNY24.26

Restricted Item

Minimum order of 100 items Multiples of 1 only Please enter a valid quantity

Add
Min: 100 Mult: 1
4Inputs - 210ns 14Pins - 1.65V 5.5V -40°C 85°C - - -
PCA9548ABS,118
PCA9548ABS,118 - Translating Switch, Bidirectional, 8 Inputs, 2.3V to 5.5V Supply, 25mA Out, 0.3ns Delay, HVQFN-24

2775980RL

Translating Switch, Bidirectional, 8 Inputs, 2.3V to 5.5V Supply, 25mA Out, 0.3ns Delay, HVQFN-24

NXP

You previously purchased this product. View in Order History

Each (Supplied on Cut Tape)

Re-reel
Packaging Options
Suggested replacement for:2775980RL
2775980 in Cut Tape

100+ CNY11.33 CNY12.80 250+ CNY10.89 CNY12.31 500+ CNY9.71 CNY10.97 1000+ CNY9.23 CNY10.43 2500+ CNY8.74 CNY9.88

Restricted Item

Minimum order of 100 items Multiples of 1 only Please enter a valid quantity

Add
Min: 100 Mult: 1
8Inputs 25mA 0.3ns 24Pins HVQFN 2.3V 5.5V -40°C 85°C Bidirectional Translating Switch Multicomp Pro RJ45 Adapter -
TXS0104EPWR
TXS0104EPWR - Voltage Level Translator, 4 Input, 50 mA, 4.6 ns, 1.65 V to 5.5 V, TSSOP-14

3120987RL

Voltage Level Translator, 4 Input, 50 mA, 4.6 ns, 1.65 V to 5.5 V, TSSOP-14

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS

You previously purchased this product. View in Order History

Each (Supplied on Cut Tape)

Re-reel

100+ CNY5.20 CNY5.88 500+ CNY4.59 CNY5.19 1000+ CNY3.83 CNY4.33

Restricted Item

Minimum order of 100 items Multiples of 1 only Please enter a valid quantity

Add
Min: 100 Mult: 1
- - 4.6ns - - 1.65V 5.5V -40°C 85°C - Multicomp Pro RJ45 Adapter -
NXB0102DC-Q100H
NXB0102DC-Q100H - Translating Transceiver, 2 Inputs, 1.65 V to 5.5 V Supply, VSSOP-8, -40 °C to 125 °C

3585601RL

Translating Transceiver, 2 Inputs, 1.65 V to 5.5 V Supply, VSSOP-8, -40 °C to 125 °C

NEXPERIA

You previously purchased this product. View in Order History

Each (Supplied on Cut Tape)

Re-reel

100+ CNY4.12 CNY4.66 500+ CNY3.81 CNY4.31 1000+ CNY3.13 CNY3.54 2500+ CNY2.19 CNY2.47 5000+ CNY1.96 CNY2.21

Restricted Item

Minimum order of 100 items Multiples of 1 only Please enter a valid quantity

Add
Min: 100 Mult: 1
2Inputs 50mA 7.5ns 8Pins - 1.65V 5.5V -40°C 125°C - - -
NXB0102DCH
NXB0102DCH - Translating Transceiver, 2 Inputs, 1.65 V to 5.5 V Supply, VSSOP-8, -40 °C to 125 °C

3585600

Translating Transceiver, 2 Inputs, 1.65 V to 5.5 V Supply, VSSOP-8, -40 °C to 125 °C

NEXPERIA

You previously purchased this product. View in Order History

Each (Supplied on Cut Tape)

1+ CNY4.65 CNY5.25 10+ CNY3.96 CNY4.47 100+ CNY3.02 CNY3.41 500+ CNY2.43 CNY2.75 1000+ CNY1.95 CNY2.20 2500+ CNY1.76 CNY1.99 5000+ CNY1.74 CNY1.97 More Pricing...

Restricted Item

Minimum order of 1 items Multiples of 1 only Please enter a valid quantity

Add
Min: 1 Mult: 1
2Inputs 50mA 7.5ns 8Pins - 1.65V 5.5V -40°C 125°C - - -
NXB0102DCH
NXB0102DCH - Translating Transceiver, 2 Inputs, 1.65 V to 5.5 V Supply, VSSOP-8, -40 °C to 125 °C

3585600RL

Translating Transceiver, 2 Inputs, 1.65 V to 5.5 V Supply, VSSOP-8, -40 °C to 125 °C

NEXPERIA

You previously purchased this product. View in Order History

Each (Supplied on Cut Tape)

Re-reel

100+ CNY3.02 CNY3.41 500+ CNY2.43 CNY2.75 1000+ CNY1.95 CNY2.20 2500+ CNY1.76 CNY1.99 5000+ CNY1.74 CNY1.97

Restricted Item

Minimum order of 100 items Multiples of 1 only Please enter a valid quantity

Add
Min: 100 Mult: 1
2Inputs 50mA 7.5ns 8Pins - 1.65V 5.5V -40°C 125°C - - -
NLSX5014MUTAG
NLSX5014MUTAG - Level Translator, Bidirectional, 4 Inputs, 0.9 V to 4.5 V Supply, 35 ns Delay, UQFN-12

2825013

Level Translator, Bidirectional, 4 Inputs, 0.9 V to 4.5 V Supply, 35 ns Delay, UQFN-12

ONSEMI

You previously purchased this product. View in Order History

Each (Supplied on Cut Tape)

Cut Tape

5+ CNY6.33 CNY7.15 10+ CNY5.29 CNY5.98 100+ CNY3.68 CNY4.16 500+ CNY3.60 CNY4.07 3000+ CNY3.50 CNY3.96 9000+ CNY3.41 CNY3.85 24000+ CNY3.32 CNY3.75 45000+ CNY3.32 CNY3.75 More Pricing...

Restricted Item

Minimum order of 5 items Multiples of 5 only Please enter a valid quantity

Add
Min: 5 Mult: 5
4Inputs - 35ns 12Pins UQFN 900mV 4.5V -55°C 125°C Bidirectional Level Translator Multicomp Pro RJ45 Adapter -
NLSX4373DR2G
NLSX4373DR2G - Voltage Level Translator, Bidirectional, 2 Input, 1 mA, 20 ns, 1.5 V to 5.5 V, SOIC-8

2464613RL

Voltage Level Translator, Bidirectional, 2 Input, 1 mA, 20 ns, 1.5 V to 5.5 V, SOIC-8

ONSEMI

You previously purchased this product. View in Order History

Each (Supplied on Cut Tape)

Re-reel
Packaging Options
Suggested replacement for:2464613RL
2464613 in Cut Tape

500+ CNY4.12 CNY4.66

Restricted Item

Minimum order of 2500 items Multiples of 5 only Please enter a valid quantity

Add
Min: 2500 Mult: 5
- 1mA 20ns 8Pins - 1.5V 5.5V -40°C 85°C - - -
NLSX4373DR2G
NLSX4373DR2G - Voltage Level Translator, Bidirectional, 2 Input, 1 mA, 20 ns, 1.5 V to 5.5 V, SOIC-8

2464613

Voltage Level Translator, Bidirectional, 2 Input, 1 mA, 20 ns, 1.5 V to 5.5 V, SOIC-8

ONSEMI

You previously purchased this product. View in Order History

Each (Supplied on Cut Tape)

Cut Tape
Packaging Options
Suggested replacement for:2464613
2464613RL in Re-reel

5+ CNY6.70 CNY7.57 10+ CNY5.43 CNY6.14 100+ CNY4.20 CNY4.75 500+ CNY4.12 CNY4.66

Restricted Item

Minimum order of 5 items Multiples of 5 only Please enter a valid quantity

Add
Min: 5 Mult: 5
- 1mA 20ns 8Pins - 1.5V 5.5V -40°C 85°C - - -
FXLP34P5X
FXLP34P5X - Voltage Level Translator, 1 Input, 2.6 mA, 12 ns, 1 V to 3.6 V, SC-70-5

1652415RL

Voltage Level Translator, 1 Input, 2.6 mA, 12 ns, 1 V to 3.6 V, SC-70-5

ONSEMI

You previously purchased this product. View in Order History

Each (Supplied on Cut Tape)

Re-reel
Packaging Options
Suggested replacement for:1652415RL
1652415 in Cut Tape

100+ CNY2.15 CNY2.43 500+ CNY2.06 CNY2.33 3000+ CNY1.97 CNY2.23 9000+ CNY1.88 CNY2.12 24000+ CNY1.78 CNY2.01 45000+ CNY1.70 CNY1.92 More Pricing...

Restricted Item

Minimum order of 100 items Multiples of 1 only Please enter a valid quantity

Add
Min: 100 Mult: 1
- - - - - 1V - - - - - -
LTC1045CN#PBF
LTC1045CN#PBF - Level Translator IC, 6 Inputs, 250 ns, 15 mA, 3 to 15 V, -40 to 85 °C, DIP-20

4023510

Level Translator IC, 6 Inputs, 250 ns, 15 mA, 3 to 15 V, -40 to 85 °C, DIP-20

ANALOG DEVICES

You previously purchased this product. View in Order History

Each

1+ CNY67.23 CNY75.97 18+ CNY57.89 CNY65.42 36+ CNY54.08 CNY61.11 108+ CNY50.25 CNY56.78 252+ CNY48.02 CNY54.26 504+ CNY46.45 CNY52.49 1008+ CNY45.67 CNY51.61 More Pricing...

Restricted Item

Minimum order of 1 items Multiples of 1 only Please enter a valid quantity

Add
Min: 1 Mult: 1
6Inputs 15mA 250ns 20Pins - 3V 15V -40°C 85°C - TUK SGACK902S Keystone Coupler -
GTL2014PW,118
GTL2014PW,118 - LVTTL to GTL Transceiver, 4 Inputs, 5.2ns, 3V to 3.6V, TSSOP-14

2890097

LVTTL to GTL Transceiver, 4 Inputs, 5.2ns, 3V to 3.6V, TSSOP-14

NXP

You previously purchased this product. View in Order History

Each (Supplied on Cut Tape)

Cut Tape
Packaging Options
Suggested replacement for:2890097
2890097RL in Re-reel

2500+ CNY4.30 CNY4.86

Restricted Item

Minimum order of 2500 items Multiples of 2500 only Please enter a valid quantity

Add
Min: 2500 Mult: 2500
4Inputs - 5.2ns 14Pins TSSOP 3V 3.6V -40°C 85°C LVTTL to GTL Transceiver Multicomp Pro RJ45 Adapter -
PCA9306GF,115
PCA9306GF,115 - Voltage Level Translator, Bidirectional, 2 Inputs, 1 V to 5.5 V Supply, 1.5 ns Delay, XSON-8

2775985

Voltage Level Translator, Bidirectional, 2 Inputs, 1 V to 5.5 V Supply, 1.5 ns Delay, XSON-8

NXP

You previously purchased this product. View in Order History

Each (Supplied on Cut Tape)

Cut Tape

1+ CNY4.42 CNY4.99 10+ CNY3.74 CNY4.23 100+ CNY3.21 CNY3.63 500+ CNY2.99 CNY3.38 1000+ CNY2.88 CNY3.25 2500+ CNY2.76 CNY3.12 5000+ CNY2.64 CNY2.98 More Pricing...

Restricted Item

Minimum order of 1 items Multiples of 1 only Please enter a valid quantity

Add
Min: 1 Mult: 1
2Inputs - 1.5ns 8Pins XSON 1V 5.5V -40°C 85°C Bidirectional Voltage Level Translator Multicomp Pro RJ45 Adapter -
NCN4555MNR2G
NCN4555MNR2G - Level Shifter, Voltage, SIM Card Power Supply, 1 Input, 2.7 V to 5.5 V Supply, QFN-EP-16

2534480

Level Shifter, Voltage, SIM Card Power Supply, 1 Input, 2.7 V to 5.5 V Supply, QFN-EP-16

ONSEMI

You previously purchased this product. View in Order History

Each (Supplied on Cut Tape)

Cut Tape
Packaging Options
Suggested replacement for:2534480
2534480RL in Re-reel

1+ CNY4.46 CNY5.04

Restricted Item

Minimum order of 1 items Multiples of 1 only Please enter a valid quantity

Add
Min: 1 Mult: 1
1Inputs - - 16Pins QFN-EP 2.7V 5.5V -40°C 85°C Voltage Level Shifter Multicomp Pro RJ45 Adapter -